5 Incredible Monstera Varieties to Add to Your Home

5 Incredible Monstera Varieties to Add to Your Home

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Humans have shared their living space with houseplants since ancient times. In fact, records indicate that the Ancient Greeks, Romans and Egyptians adorned their homes with houseplants as early as 500 BC. Taking care of a houseplant leads to reduced stress, better focus, reduced symptoms of depression and an overall boost in positive emotions, like positivity, hopefulness, relaxation and happiness, says, Psychology Today.

Monsteras, a family of tropical plants that produce dramatic and showy leaves, fit the bill for adding greenery to your living space and enhancing the atmosphere in your home. These climbing plants are easy-to-care for and reward you with intricate leaf patterns seldom seen in other plants.

What Are Monsteras?

Monsteras are a genus of tropical flowering plants (although they rarely bloom as houseplants) native to Mexico and Central and South America. They belong to a family of plants called Araneae and contain twenty-two separate species. While they all have similarities, such as their aerial roots and delicate leaf fenestrations (holes and slits in the leaves), there are some distinct differences in Monstera species. Check out these intriguing Monstera varieties to find the right monstera for your houseplant collection.

1. Monstera Deliciosa

Monstera deliciosa, also known as the Mexican Breadfruit Plant due to the unusual cylindrical fruit it produces in the wild, makes a striking statement when grown as a houseplant. Monstera deliciosa is the most popular monstera species and is readily available at florists or other plant outlets. It works equally well in the home or office. Because Monstera deliciosa requires low to moderate light and features attractive foliage that can be trained up a pole or trellis, it is ideal for corners or nooks where other sun-loving plants will struggle.

Monstera deliciosa is often confused with a split leaf philodendron. While the two are similar with splits in the foliage that reach to the outer edge of the leaves, Monstera deliciosa leaves have holes within the solid part of the foliage too, whereas a split leaf philodendron does not. Place your Monstera deliciosa in a location that receives indirect light, or grow it under fluorescent lights, and provide it with a moss-covered pole or trellis for support.

2. Monstera Obliqua

Monstera obliqua is also called the Unicorn Plant. It is a unique species of Monstera because of the dramatic holes in the leaves. This Monstera species is said to be more hole than leaf with the holes taking up an amazing 90 percent of the leaf surface.

Monstera obliqua foliage is paper-thin making them too delicate for the typical home or office environment. You probably won’t find Monstera obliqua at your local florist or home improvement center, but if you are lucky, you may spot it in a botanical garden.

3. Monstera Siltepecana

Monstera siltepecana is a popular monstera variety that is readily available. This Monstera variety is from Mexico and Central America. It is a unique monstera species because it had two distinct types of leaves. Young leaves are lance-shaped, blue-gray with some silver shades, are 3 to 4 inches long and do not have holes. As Monstera siltepecana matures, it develops dark green leaves with characteristic leaf holes. It may take 2 to 3 years for it to reach its mature state.

Monstera siltepecana is also unique in that it has two different growing habits. Young plants are terrestrial while mature plants are climbers. You can keep it in the juvenile stage by keeping it in a small pot without supports for climbing. Providing supports for the plant to climb spurs it to enter the climbing stage and encourages it to develop mature foliage.

4. Monstera Pinnatipartita

Monstera pinnatipartita gets its name from the pinnated structure of the adult foliage. This variety has deeply lobed leaves with cuts that can reach nearly to the center rib giving it a feathered appearance instead of the characteristic Swiss cheese appearance of other Monstera varieties like Monstera siltepecana. Monstera pinnatipartita produces juvenile leaves that are solid instead of lobed or holey.

Juvenile leaves may be bicolored with silvery patterns, but the mature leaf is solid green. Monstera pinnatipartita is native to Columbia and northwestern Peru and Ecuador. Grow Monstera pinnatipartita on a moss pole or totem to encourage foliage to reach its mature size and shape. Pinnatipartita creates an exotic look in any indoor space.

5. Monstera Karstenianum

Monstera karstenianum is an unusual Monstera variety that produces textured leaves but lacks the characteristic holes of many other Monsteras. Monstera karstenianum has dark green, glossy leaves and often has a scaly or puckered texture to them. This quick-growing climbing plant needs support from a trellis or moss-covered totem as it can reach a height of three feet within a few months. Monstera karstenianum can also be a variegated Monstera.

 

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